Anti static mats are objects that actually show up everywhere, we just don’t know that they are helping reduce the impact of electrostatic discharge, or ESD, in our environment as well as provide padding for our feet. Also, the anti static mats do not just refer to what is under our feet but mats that are laid out on desktops and similar areas as well, with ergonomic benefits as wrist and elbow cushions in addition to serving as a diffuser for any ESD attached to the person who rests on them.
The materials used for these mats as well as details like thickness, width and design vary greatly since anti static mats are not just static eliminators but can be incorporated into the aesthetics of a space. Common materials used to create anti static mats include vinyl and rubber, and sometimes a mat will contain layers of both. Designs and colors of the mats are often customized as are the size since they often need to be specially cut for specific areas. Thickness availability is usually one, two or three layers thick, although this too can be customized. There are also levels to how well an anti static mat will work, and occasionally accessories that accompany the mat to get the most out of the ESD protection.
Ground straps designed to attach at the wrist of a worker standing on an anti static mat are often accessories when the environment is particularly sensitive. These wrist straps serve to absorb any ESD on objects or in the air and direct it into the mat where it is dissipated. This means the ground straps must be attached to the person as well as the mat, which limits the movement of the employee. That is why only super sensitive environments, such as research laboratories or clean rooms, utilize these more extreme measures to protect equipment and humans from the dangers of ESD with anti static mats and accessories.